1. Hurungwe District

Mining in Hurungwe started earlier than the documented history of the area with documentation starting with the Europeans in the 1890s. The district is endowed with vast mineral deposits listed below:

  1. Copper occurs within the Tengwe valley. No mining has ever been conducted. There are no current mining activities taking place.

  2. Dolomite mined for industrial purposes as early as Rhodesian times to date.

  3. Galena- noted mineralization within the province but no documented historical production. No mining is taking place at present.

  4. Gold- produced from mines such as Wealth Mine, Gondia Mine, Crescent Mine, North Star Mine and Norman Mine. These were recorded to be low grade copper-gold mines which started production in early Rhodesian times. Gold mining is recorded to have started earlier then 1936 on Kent Mine 3km east of Angwa River and Winchester Mine 22km SSE of Karoi. Over the years many gold ventures have invaded the area which included gold panning along the Angwa river bed and in primary gold deposits within the area. There is still active gold production.

  5. Graphite- prospects first registered by Anglovall Rhodesian Exploration (Pvt.) Ltd in 1959 in the name of Stembok Mining (Pvt) Ltd. In another location, Graphite King Mine started mining in 1944 and the graphite was sent to Anglo America cooperation in Johannesburg. No current production taking place.

  6. Iron ore- No production has ever occurred as the iron deposits are regarded as uneconomic as they contain titaniferous magnetite though the rocks contain 60-70% of magnetite.

  7. Limestone-occurrence is within the Badze, Futu and Rengwe river valleys west of Bashungwi Range.  Most of these resources have not mined. No production has ever occurred.

  8. Manganese- the mineral occurs on the banks of Magororo River approximately 2km NNE of Mtoli hill. There have not been any commercial extractions to date.

  9. Marble- No production has ever taken place. The marble is a breccia of particularly pleasing appearance and texture occurs at the confluence of the Msukwi and Mtoragwechi Rivers.

  10. Radioactive minerals- in 1957 the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) carried out airborne radio-metric surveys and identified areas with sharp anomalies of radioactive minerals. Thorium bearing monazite residues were discovered in these sites though no uranium mineralization was reported. These areas were then pegged by UKAEA and some other individual prospectors though no mining activities have ever been carried out to date.

  11. Miami mica (Muscovite) fields in Karoi- the first mines were the Miami and Phoenix Mines which started production as early as 1919 and during their climax were among the richest mica mines in the world. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  12. Beryl- during the mining of mica, Beryl was also found and was first mentioned in 1923 in a report Grand Parade Mine. There was a sharp demand for the beryllium ore after discovery of the Bikita tin fields in 1949 and a minor beryl rush to the mica fields at the old mica mines was recorded. Numerous beryl mines were pegged and mined up until the late 1950s when demand sharply declined. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  13. Colombo-tantalite- during the early time of pegmatite mining, the pegmatite minerals Colombo-tantalite, often radioactive, were obtained as a by-product of beryl mining. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  14. Tungsten (wolfram)-in 1952 wolfram was discovered on the then called K farm situated 18km east of Karoi town. Numerous blocks of claims were staked known as Honey and the deposit was named the Honey wolfram belt. The large scale extraction of the mineral resource was short lived as operations ceased in 1957. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  15. Kyanite, andalusite, sillimanite- kyanite mining was recorded to be situated north east of Karoi town close to the confluence of Angwa and Miami rivers on the Masterpiece farm were numerous blocks of claims were registered by Keir and Cawder (Rhod) Ltd. In the 1940s. No production figures were recorded from the available source text. The area still hold potential for the extraction of Kyanite. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  16. Rutile-this is a titanium oxide (TiO2) which is the prime ore of the metal titanium. It was first recorded to be pegged as “I Wonder” claims situated on the then called Crown Land 15km SE of Karoi. No production figures were recorded from the source text. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  17. Amethyst- occurrence reported in the Hurungwe north areas. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  18. Garnet- occurrence reported in the Hurungwe north areas with historical small scale production but no available production figures. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  19. Tin (cassiterite) - reported to occur in the Hurungwe pegmatites but there is no report of historical production. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  20. Silica- occurs extensively in the district as veins. The aggregate is used as gravel in road surfacing. There is report of extraction for industrial processing that has ever taken place.

  21. Coal- occurs in the Mashambanzou and Strange’s deposits in the Chewore area. Reconnaissance exploration has been conducted but no production has ever taken place to date.

  22. Lepidolite-

  23. Phyllites

  24. Orthoclase

     Makonde District

  1. Gold-European settlement in the then Rhodesia was spurred on by the lure of gold and as early as the 1890s, the Makonde District was invaded by these gold prospectors e.g. D. Troop syndicate who pegged the Broken Hill claims along the Angwa river. The gold mineralization of the crystalline schists of the basement complex was the chief reason for the initial influx of Europeans into the Chinhoyi in the 1890s. Since then, the area has been thoroughly prospected for Gold. Alluvial gold mining along the Angwa River and hard rock mining within the primary gold deposits have been active for a period spanning over a century of recorded history with mines such as D. troop Mine, Eldorado Mine, Eureka Mine, Gondia Mine etc. most important gold deposits of the Chinhoyi Banket gold belt are Golden Kopje, Union Jack, Maggiemic, Eldorado and Ayrshire Mines which historically produced 95% of gold in the district. Most of the mine locations are still active gold producers to date.

  2. Silver- the metal has not been mined on its own account, but as a by-product of the gold industry and production is currently active.

  3. Copper- significant copper production was from Alaska Mine, Gondia Mine, Crescent Mine and North Star Mine. Recorded copper production started earlier than 1916. Numerous other companies registered claims and mined copper within the area and recovered gold as a by-product. These included Norman Mine, Wealth Mine, Montana Mine, Mookwe Copper claims to mention but a few. Mineralization is in the Deweras arkose at the base of the Lomagundi system with chief production derived from Alaska Mine. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  4. Manganese- manganese deposits associated with graphite have been mined to recover manganese in the area. Early discovery was no later than 1919 in the Makonde Tribal Trust land. Numerous manganese blocks were registered between the Mupfure and Angwa rivers in the 1960s. These included Morocco, Maysma, Dumalan and Kopje claims. The ore is said to have not exceeded 25% manganese. The area became active for manganese production and in 1965 Edinburgh Development (Pvt.) Ltd opened some working near D. Troop Mine and produced the mineral for local consumption. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  5. Graphite- graphite claims were first registered in the district in 1965 and later re-pegged e.g. Good Willie Mine. Current production is restricted to Lynx Graphite Mine located to the west of Karoi town.

  6. Dolomite- quarried in the vicinity of Chinhoyi Caves and Alaska Mine. The quarrying site is still active to date.

  7. Beryl- historically mined in minor quantities with occurrence in the northern areas of the district bordering with Hurungwe district pegmatites. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  8. Galena- discoveries made on Glenside Mine near Angwa River. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  9. Tungsten- mineralization in the form of scheelite is associated with gold at Glenside claims on Newlands farm. There are no reported production figures and the area has no current mining activities taking place.

  10. Molybdenum- low grade mineralization in quartz filled fracture zones north west end of Weltervrede farm to the south east of Banket. No production is reported to have ever occurred and there is no current mining taking place.

  11. Limestone- there are numerous lenticular bodies of impure, highly siliceous limestone in the northern part of the Hunyani valley, on Gly-A-Mel farm and the surrounding area. No production is reported to have ever occurred and there is no current mining taking place.

  12. Mhangura copper and gold mineralization large scale production from the Mhangura mines. These included Mhangura Mine,… production stopped in the late 1990s

  13. Selenium- the mineral occurrence has been noted in the district but no production has ever been undertaken.

  14. Amethyst- the mineral occurrence has been noted in the district with minor small scale mining occurring but with no recorded production figures. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.

  15. Silica- currently being used as gravel to surface roads. The silica is also reported to have been used a flux in the processing of copper at Mhangura Mines Plant.

  16. Anhydrate- Norah mine

  17. Kaolinite clay- St Annes mine, Mwami

  18. Modalite- karoi and Mwami areas

  19. Slates- schorl-Ethel Mine Mutorashanga, Mwami, Karoi area

  20. Serpentinite-

  21. Arucite- Ethel Mine, Mutorashanga

     Sanyati District

  1. Copper- in areas South East of Alaska Mine at Zowa hill where geochemical investigations for nickel and copper showed anomalies of the base metals in the 1950s. Mines included Cerdric Mine 32km SW of Chinhoyi, Denari claims situated at Mupfure Tribal Trust Land SW flank of Chiparamakanda Hill 4km north of Zimbara School.  Copper occurring as malachite, dioptase, chrysocolla and native copper occur in the volcanic rocks of the Munyati group and in the arenaceous formation of the Deweras Group. In this area, production has mainly come from Copper Duke Mine since the 1920s. All copper production in the district ceased in the late 1990s.

  2. Graphite- graphitic shales and graphitic slates are very abundant in the contact zone between rocks of the Nyageri formation and the Mupfure formations. Historically, mining was reported at the banks of Chipani River 3.2km east of the confluence of Chipani and Mupfure rivers. No records of historical mining are available. There is no production currently taking place.

  3. Iron pyrites- west of Gwidzima Hill in the Mupfure Tribal Trust Land. The claims were first registered by Denori Syndicate in 1955. The mineralization is in the Chenjiri formation of highly graphitic, often pyritiferous, slates, interbedded with iron-stained fine-grained argillaceous sediments. Mineralization is also around Godzi Hill on the northern bank of Mupfure River, Kanyemba mine, Empire pyrite and Holman mine. There is no production currently taking place.

  4. Galena- the prime lead ore mineralization was recorded to be situated on the Chitombogwizi Purchase Land and astride Muchi River. The deposit was first pegged in 1959 by Messina (Rhodesia) Development Co. Ltd. Galena mineralization was also recorded around Muzvezve farm. No records of historical mining are available. There is no production currently taking place.

  5. Nickel- the known deposits lie 1.6km NNE of Dzingwe school on Zowa Hill. The hill is composed of serpentine which is intrusive into the rocks of the felsic formation of the Bulawayan Group. Geochemical investigations in the area showed a large area containing over 60ppm nickel. No mining has ever been carried out.

  6. Gold- mineralization is mainly associated with the greenstone basement complex. Currently the area is active with numerous small scale miners mining narrow reefs.

  7. Antimony-mined mainly from Cam and Motor, Oversite, Patricia, Claw and Silver Dollar Mines with production starting as early as 1907. There is no production currently taking place.

  8. Mercury (cinnabar) - mined in the battlefields area. There is no production currently taking place.

  9. Silver- recovered as a by-product to gold mining which is currently very active in the district.

  10. Tungsten (scheelite) – significant production was recorded at Muzvezve, Scheelite King, Arconnel, Ardess, Calm and Plover, and Scheelite Price mines. Production has ceased and there is no production currently taking place.

  11. Bismuth- recorded occurrence on Clonmoran farm in Kadoma but no production has ever done to date.

  12. Arsenic-recorded occurrence on Muzvezve farm and Rangiesers copper claims. Minor production has been reported but currently there are no mining activities.

  13. Clay (kaolinite) - the largest clay deposits occur in the Kadoma industrial site and Rocklands Ranch 50km from Kadoma. The deposits have been mined for clay but currently the rate of mining has gone down significantly.

  14. Dolomite- outcrops occur on Rocklands Ranch. No extraction of the mineral has ever occurred in this area to date.

  15. Iron- grade varies between 54-57% iron occurring immediately north east of Kadoma on Orange Grove and Bude farms. The host rock is quartzite and banded ironstone. Claims were also pegged on Hove, Yale, Salop A and Salop B farms. The ore also contain appreciable amounts of manganese up to 44%. No production is reported to have ever occurred and there is no current mining taking place.

  16.  Limestone- occurs on Bannerlands and Muzvezve farms. No production is reported to have ever occurred and there is no current mining taking place.

  17. Magnesite- recorded on Barton and Mayflower farms south east of Kadoma. Production started in the 1920s. Production is still active to date.

  18. Agate- Battlefields

  19. Adamite- Sanyati Mine

  20. Angelisite- Sanyati Mine

  21. Anthophyllite- Sanyati

  22. Gypsum- Sanyati

  23. Jasper- Battlefields

  24. Corndian- battlefields

     Chegutu district

  1. Gold- greenstone hosted gold has been mined from the area since the 1900s. The gold is from prominent mining locations such as the Gadzema reefs where Elvington Mine is situated; Pickstone Mine; Etina Mine and Sirius Mine. Production from these mining locations is still active to this day with small to large scale mining operations. Gold is also recovered as a by-product to platinum mining at Zimplats.

  2. Platinum Group Elements- PGM mining started in the former Base metal mine along situated on the Great Dyke in the Ngezi area in the 1990s. Zimplats mines which was formerly BHP is the current PGM producer in the Province. PGM exploration is being carried out in the Selous area with results indicating great PGM potential.

  3. Base metals Nickel, Copper and Cobalt- being mined together with PGM.

  4. Chromite- peak production was in the 1990s with the mineral being mined along the Great Dyke. Production is very much active with mines such as Sino-Zimaso and other players, both large and small scale.

  5. Corundum- the mineral deposits are reported to occur in the district but no mining activities have ever been reported.

  6. Limestone- minor lenticular limestone occurrence have been reported in the district. No production is reported to have ever occurred and there is no current mining taking place.

  7. Silica- current mining activities at Solitude mine.

     Zvimba district 

  1. Gold- recorded production started in the early 1900s. Currently mining is very active in the greenstone associated gold deposits. Production associated with platinum mineralization is expected to start in 2018 when Great Dyke Investments commence mining operations.

  2. Silver- recovered as a by-product to gold mining which is currently very active in the district.

  3. PGMs- large deposits known to occur in the Darwandale area. Currently exploration activities are being undertaken by Great Dyke Investments (GDI) (Pvt.) Ltd. Mining set to start in January 2018.

  4. Base metals Nickel, Copper and Cobalt- to be recovered together with PGMs in PGM mining at GDI.

  5. Chrome- mined along the Great Dyke. Sino-Zimasco now the major producer of chrome in the District.

  6. Mtorolite- mined in the Mutorashanga area.

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